What are the differences between failover modes on a CLARiiON array?
A CLARiiON array is an Active/Passive device and uses a LUN ownership model. In other words, when a LUN is bound it has a default owner, either SP-A or SP-B. I/O requests traveling to a port SP-A can only reach LUNs owned by SP-A and I/O requests traveling to a port on SP-B can only reach LUNs owned SP-B. It is necessary to have different failover methods because in certain situations a host will need to access a LUN on the non-owning SP.
The following failover modes apply:
Failover Mode 0 –
LUN Based Trespass Mode This failover mode is the default and works in conjunction with the Auto-trespass feature. Auto-trespass is a mode of operation that is set on a LUN by LUN basis. If Auto-Trespass is enabled on the LUN, the non-owning SP will report that the LUN exists and is available for access. The LUN will trespass to the SP where the I/O request is sent. Every time the LUN is trespassed a Unit Attention message is recorded. If Auto-trespass is disabled, the non-owning SP will report that the LUN exists but it is not available for access. If an I/O request is sent to the non-owning SP, it is rejected and the LUN’s ownership will not change. Note: The combination of Failover Mode 0 and Auto-Trespass can be dangerous if the host is sending I/O requests to both SP-A and SP-B because the LUN will need to trespass to fulfill each request. This combination is most commonly seen on an HP-UX server using PV-Links. The Auto-trespass feature is enabled through the Initiator Type setting of HP-AutoTrespass. A host with no failover software should use the combination of Failover Mode 0 and Auto-trespass disabled.